This is an open access paper published in the GigaScience Journal introduces the results of the PhenoMeNal project on “Large-scale computing for metabolomics”. PhenoMeNal provides a cloud e-infrastructures solution to analyse metabolomics data. It provides easy-to-use web interfaces that can be scaled to any custom public and private cloud environment.

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Citation: Kristian Peters, James Bradbury, Sven Bergmann, Marco Capuccini, Marta Cascante, Pedro de Atauri, Timothy M D Ebbels, Carles Foguet, Robert Glen, Alejandra Gonzalez-Beltran, Ulrich L Günther, Evangelos Handakas, Thomas Hankemeier, Kenneth Haug, Stephanie Herman, Petr Holub, Massimiliano Izzo, Daniel Jacob, David Johnson, Fabien Jourdan, Namrata Kale, Ibrahim Karaman, Bita Khalili, Payam Emami Khonsari, Kim Kultima, Samuel Lampa, Anders Larsson, Christian Ludwig, Pablo Moreno, Steffen Neumann, Jon Ander Novella, Claire O’Donovan, Jake T M Pearce, Alina Peluso, Marco Enrico Piras, Luca Pireddu, Michelle A C Reed, Philippe Rocca-Serra, Pierrick Roger, Antonio Rosato, Rico Rueedi, Christoph Ruttkies, Noureddin Sadawi, Reza M Salek, Susanna-Assunta Sansone, Vitaly Selivanov, Ola Spjuth, Daniel Schober, Etienne A Thévenot, Mattia Tomasoni, Merlijn van Rijswijk, Michael van Vliet, Mark R Viant, Ralf J M Weber, Gianluigi Zanetti, Christoph Steinbeck; PhenoMeNal: processing and analysis of metabolomics data in the cloud, GigaScience, Volume 8, Issue 2, 1 February 2019, giy149,



Metabolomics is the comprehensive study of a multitude of small molecules to gain insight into an organism’s metabolism. The research field is dynamic and expanding with applications across biomedical, biotechnological, and many other applied biological domains. Its computationally intensive nature has driven requirements for open data formats, data repositories, and data analysis tools. However, the rapid progress has resulted in a mosaic of independent, and sometimes incompatible, analysis methods that are difficult to connect into a useful and complete data analysis solution.


PhenoMeNal (Phenome and Metabolome aNalysis) is an advanced and complete solution to set up Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) that brings workflow-oriented, interoperable metabolomics data analysis platforms into the cloud. PhenoMeNal seamlessly integrates a wide array of existing open-source tools that are tested and packaged as Docker containers through the project’s continuous integration process and deployed based on a kubernetes orchestration framework. It also provides a number of standardized, automated, and published analysis workflows in the user interfaces Galaxy, Jupyter, Luigi, and Pachyderm.


PhenoMeNal constitutes a keystone solution in cloud e-infrastructures available for metabolomics. PhenoMeNal is a unique and complete solution for setting up cloud e-infrastructures through easy-to-use web interfaces that can be scaled to any custom public and private cloud environment. By harmonizing and automating software installation and configuration and through ready-to-use scientific workflow user interfaces, PhenoMeNal has succeeded in providing scientists with workflow-driven, reproducible, and shareable metabolomics data analysis platforms that are interfaced through standard data formats, representative datasets, versioned, and have been tested for reproducibility and interoperability. The elastic implementation of PhenoMeNal further allows easy adaptation of the infrastructure to other application areas and ‘omics research domains.